Simulation is a technique initially developed in military and civilian aviation to replace or amplify real experiences in a fully interactive manner to maximize safety and minimize errors.
Low-fidelity simulation refers to partial task training for procedural skills, such as venepuncture, intubation or cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
High-fidelity simulation refers to scenario role-playing by full body software-controlled mannequins equipped with dynamic features.
Simulation sessions include planning, introduction, simulation, debriefing, evaluation, with debriefing representing a main component of the learning processes. Simulation can be successfully applied to under-graduate and post-graduate academic training, continuous medical education (CME), research and assessment methods. Simulation-based medical education is student-centred, and through repetitive practice and experiential learning allows to acquire skills and reduce mistakes in a controlled and safe practice.
Recently a survey showed that in Italy health simulation laboratories exist in most Universities, but they are mainly focused on postgraduate education. Simulation core curriculum shared by the different Universities is urgently needed, to allow a homogeneous practical education in our country. Centres and scientific organizations provided with high quality and extensive simulation capabilities and training programs for instructors and facilitators may help in supporting the spreading of simulation approach in undergraduate education in Italy.